6 Basics of Spa Care
‘Tis the season of Hot Tubs and Spas. The cooler weather always brings out our hot tub and spa owners. Pools of Fun carries a complete line of SpaGuard Chemicals and Supplies. Each location has a Certified Water Technician that can provide you with a free complimentary water analysis. In the meantime, here is BioGuard’s 6 Keys to Basic Spa Care that every owner should know.
6 Keys to Basic Spa Care
Proper water circulation will help ensure even distribution of products as well as promote filtration. As the water circulates, it passes through the filter, trapping suspended particles. Properly circulating SpaGuard spa care products help keep the water inviting and ready for your soaking pleasure. Be sure to run your spa’s circulation system every day to ensure good working order.
Many spa issues are caused by poor filtration-when the filter is dirty or clogged, debris stays in the water. A properly cared for filter captures hair, oils and cosmetics. (Most spas have a cartridge filter.) Because spa filters trap many contaminants, cleaning has two steps: spraying off loose debris, then using SpaGuard Filter Cleaner to remove oils and other contaminants embedded into the filter. You need to clean your filter every 4 to 6 weeks. Check your owner’s manual or ask your Pools of Fun sales associate for information on how to remove and clean your filter.
Contaminants such as dirt, oil and even bacteria can accumulate at the waterline, much like a bathtub ring. Regular cleaning preserves spa surfaces and prevents unwanted build-up. Off The Wall® Surface Cleaner and SpaGuard Cleaning Mitts are powerful, low-sudsing cleaners that work specifically with spa water chemistry. Use them to remove the ring of oil and dirt that serves as a breeding ground for bacteria and to prevent residue from building up around the waterline and inside skimmers.
4. Draining and Refilling
Regular draining and refilling is a normal part of spa maintenance. Over time, the water absorbs and dissolves minerals, chemicals and other soluble material. Pools of Fun’s Certified Water Technician can perform a Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) test to help determine if it’s time to replace your water. High TDS can make the water look dull, become foamy, and develop an odor. How often you drain and refill your spa depends on how often you use it.
This simple formula can help:
Spa gallons ÷ Daily bathers ÷ 3 = Days between draining
Example: 300 gallons ÷ 2 daily bathers ÷ 3 = 50 days
Note: a bather is one person in the spa for 15-30 minutes.
There are two primary components that affect spa water quality: sanitizer (bromine or chlorine) residual and pH. When both are within their recommended ranges, your water is comfortable, protected and clear; sanitizers and “shock products” work efficiently; and spa surfaces and equipment are protected. Recommended bromine or chlorine residual levels are:
Bromine Residual using Brominating Tablets
Residential = 2 – 4 ppm
Commercial = 4 – 6 ppm
Bromine Residual using Brominating Concentrate: 3 – 6 ppm
Chlorine Residual using Chlorinating Concentrate: 3 – 5 ppm
Maintain pH between 7.4 – 7.6 (the ideal range; acceptable range is 7.2 – 7.6). By adding SpaGuard Spa Sentry, it holds the pH within its optimum range. Spa Sentry is formulated to “watch over” the pH and protect the water from pH changes.
|Brominating Tablets||Brominating Concentrate||Chlorinating Concentrate||Soft Soak®**|
|pH||7.2 – 7.6||7.2 – 7.6||7.2 – 7.6||7.2 – 7.6|
|Total Alkalinity||125 – 150 ppm||125 – 150 ppm||125 – 150 ppm||80 – 120 ppm|
|Hardness*||100 – 200 ppm||100 – 200 ppm||100 – 200 ppm||200 – 300 ppm|
|Chlorine||n/a||n/a||3 – 5 ppm||n/a|
|Bromine||2 – 4 ppm||3 – 6 ppm||n/a||n/a|
|Biguanide||n/a||n/a||n/a||30 – 50 ppm|
|Peroxide||n/a||n/a||n/a||5 – 12 ppm|
*Not Applicable for Spas using Spa Sentry.
**Spa Sentry not compatible with Soft Soak®.
The chemistry of your spa water needs to be checked regularly. Use SpaGuard products to maintain the correct levels, including: sanitizer residuals, pH, total alkalinity, calcium hardness, metals, and total dissolved solids. BioGuard® 4-way Test Strips – and Soft Soak® 4-way Test Strips for Soft Soak spas – test pH, total alkalinity, and sanitizer levels with only one strip.
Maintaining proper levels will make the water clear and comfortable, kill bacteria that can multiply rapidly in a spa, protect spa surfaces from stains caused by metals, and protect spa equipment from scale.
There are 3 essential chemical areas to maintain.
- Sanitization – kills bacteria to help prevent the transmission of disease.
- Oxidation/shock – removes residues and restores clarity and comfort.
- Water balance – ensures spa user comfort, water clarity, sanitizer efficiency, and longevity of spa surfaces and equipment.